Please see our Accessibility Notice page and install Free Assistive Technology if needed

Skip to main content

Scaling And Root Planing

Central Avenue Dental -  - Comprehensive, Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry

Central Avenue Dental

Comprehensive, Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry located in Valley Stream, NY & Tribeca, New York, NY

Scaling and root planing, often referred to as a "deep cleaning" for your teeth and gums, is a vital dental procedure that goes beyond your regular dental cleaning. It's a non-surgical, meticulous treatment designed to combat gum disease and maintain your oral health. In this gentle introduction, we'll delve deeper into what scaling and root planing entail, why it's important, and how it can benefit your overall well-being. So, let's explore the world of this essential dental therapy and discover how it can help you achieve a healthier smile.

"Revitalizing Your Oral Health: Scaling and Root Planing Explained"

Scaling and root planing, also known as deep cleaning, is a non-surgical dental procedure performed by a dentist or dental hygienist to treat and manage gum disease (periodontal disease). It involves a thorough cleaning of the teeth and the roots of the teeth below the gumline. This procedure is typically recommended when a patient has signs of gum disease, such as gum inflammation, pockets between the teeth and gums, and the accumulation of plaque and tartar.

Here is a detailed description of scaling and root planing:

  1. Initial Assessment: Before the procedure begins, the dentist or dental hygienist will conduct a thorough examination of your oral health. This includes taking X-rays to assess the extent of the gum disease and determine the severity of the infection.

  2. Anesthesia: In most cases, scaling and root planing are performed with local anesthesia to ensure that the patient is comfortable and pain-free during the procedure. This is especially important because the treatment involves cleaning below the gumline, which can be sensitive and uncomfortable without anesthesia.

  3. Scaling: The first step of the procedure is scaling, which involves the removal of plaque and tartar (also known as calculus) from the surfaces of your teeth, both above and below the gumline. Special dental instruments, including ultrasonic scalers and hand scalers, are used to carefully remove these deposits. The dentist or hygienist will pay close attention to the areas where the gum pockets are deep.

  4. Root Planing: After scaling, the next step is root planing. This process involves smoothing out the rough surfaces of the tooth roots. When gum disease is present, bacteria can adhere to these rough surfaces, making it difficult for the gums to reattach to the teeth. Root planing helps eliminate bacterial toxins and encourages the gums to heal and reattach to the teeth.

  5. Irrigation and Antibiotics: In some cases, an antimicrobial solution or antibiotic may be applied to the treated areas to further reduce bacterial infection and inflammation. This helps in promoting healing and reducing the risk of reinfection.

  6. Follow-up and Maintenance: Following the procedure, the dentist or dental hygienist will provide instructions for post-treatment care and oral hygiene practices. It is essential to follow these instructions diligently to ensure the success of the treatment. Additionally, patients will be scheduled for follow-up appointments to monitor the progress of their gum health and may require more frequent cleanings in the future.

Scaling and root planing are effective treatments for early to moderate stages of gum disease. If the condition is severe or does not respond well to this treatment, surgical procedures like gum flap surgery or pocket reduction surgery may be necessary. Maintaining good oral hygiene, including regular dental check-ups and cleanings, is crucial in preventing the recurrence of gum disease after scaling and root planing.